How CBD Works | Understanding Cannabidiol

The cannabis plant produces more than 100 cannabinoids, with cannabidiol, or CBD for short, being the most abundant. Cannabinoids can be either produced naturally by the body through your endocannabinoid system or consumed — through CBD for example.

CBD is gaining increased popularity today in the natural medicine world. But, while many individuals are experiencing the healing and calming effects of CBD, they don’t know exactly how CBD produces these effects.

Here, we explain that it has to do with your body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS).

The Body Has Its Own Endocannabinoid System

Although not universally taught in school, the endocannabinoid system is present in all of us — in our brain, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system. It’s a complex system that’s responsible for maintaining our body’s homeostasis, playing a vital role in your inflammatory response, sleep/wake cycle, mood, and more.

Your body’s endocannabinoid system regulates and maintains a stable environment internally (i.e. glucose levels, pH balance, and body temperature) regardless of any external environmental changes occurring (i.e. toxins, the food you eat, and air quality).

Within the endocannabinoid system, your body produces its own cannabinoids. For the ECS to spring into action, it needs to be activated by cannabinoids, such as CBD. It does this via two types of receptors —CB1 and CB2. Both receptors function as gateways to the endocannabinoid system. The receptors represent a highway, if you will, between the human body and cannabinoids.

1. CB1 Receptors

CB1 receptors are found mainly within your central nervous system (brain and spinal cord). CB1 receptors, which are highly concentrated in your brain, are responsible for the regulation of your:
  • Appetite
  • Emotions
  • Mood
  • Memories
  • Movement
  • And more

2. CB2 Receptors

Most CB2 receptors are found within your peripheral nervous system. They are especially related to your body’s inflammatory response and immune system. You’ll also find them in your reproductive organs, bones, blood vessels, liver, heart, kidneys, and lymph nodes. CB2 receptors, which are highly concentrated in your peripheral system, are responsible for the regulation of:
  • Inflammation
  • Pain
  • Immune response

As part of your body’s endocannabinoid system, these cannabinoid receptors play a vital role in key physiological and cognitive functions, such as immune function, sleep, metabolism, pain sensation, memory, mood, and more.

How Your Endocannabinoid System Works

Your ECS plays a significant function in balancing the most crucial functions of your body. It works in an extremely precise manner, affecting what it needs to achieve and maintain homeostasis. It only regulates specific unbalanced systems, while leaving those working properly alone.

Your ECS is involved in numerous processes like sleep, stress, appetite, pain, and more. It is a remarkably complex system that provides outstanding happiness and health when in balance.

How CBD Works With Your Endocannabinoid System

Endocannabinoids are naturally produced by your body to support its endocannabinoid system to help maintain the body’s internal environment and adapt to external stressors, as mentioned. But, like with certain nutrients, you could have a deficiency and require additional support.

This is where the cannabis plant steps in. It produces cannabinoids, such as CBD, which can act as a boost to your endocannabinoid system. Essentially, CBD works with your body by blocking endocannabinoid breakdown, which allows your body to use more of the substances it already produces naturally.

CBD indirectly affects CB1 and CB2 receptors (and other receptors) and stimulates your endocannabinoid system, causing it to produce natural cannabinoids. Furthermore, CBD functions on various molecular pathways that affect your:

  • Immune system: CBD could reduce inflammatory responses.
  • Serotonin receptors: CBD could affect how the brain responds to serotonin.
  • Vanilloid receptors: CBD binds to these receptors and helps mediate pain, body temperature, and inflammation.

CBD is a noteworthy complex cannabinoid, and scientists and researchers continue to reveal its beneficial potential in the way it interacts with the ECS. Today, CBD is available in a number of forms, including capsules, oils, tinctures, topicals, and more.

How CBD Works in the Body

CBD offers many health benefits, including that it:


Research shows CBD has therapeutic potential for treating an anxiety disorder. Most CBD research is pre-clinical on animal models, however, there are human studies emerging. Our full or broad spectrum CBD oils or capsules along with some light to moderate exercise may provide you support and help lower your anxious moments.


Digestion/GI Issues

A 2018 study found CBD helps individuals manage their symptoms of Crohn’s disease while reducing gut inflammation. Many other gut issues can be addressed with CBD as well due to its anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Try our organic, full or broad spectrum tinctures and obtain the benefits of CBD.


Wrist Pain

Wrist pain can be the result of sprains, strains, or fractures. Additionally, repetitive motion can cause acute or chronic pain, inflammation, arthritis and carpal tunnel. Our CBD lotion applied directly over the area of pain along with an ingestible (full/broad spectrum tincture or capsules) can provide both short and long term relief.

Shoulder Pain and Inflammation
Shoulder pain can encompass different muscles, ligaments, tendons, or the shoulder joint itself due to recent injury or long term overuse. Our CBD lotion used in conjunction with a full/broad spectrum tincture or capsules can provide both localized and full body relief.
Ankle and Foot Pain
Ankle and foot pain are not only uncomfortable, but can take a long time to heal. Evidence shows that topical CBD lotions can help with a variety of discomforts while enhancing the natural healing process. A full or broad spectrum tincture or capsule can also assist the effectiveness of the topical lotion by reducing your body’s inflammatory response to the injury.
Knee Pain and Inflammation
Knee pain is a very common area of complaint from people of all ages, shapes and sizes. Injuries may include ligaments, cartilage and the meniscus. The healing process can cause chronic results in the knee joint. Studies show that a topical lotion can help not only with pain, but can lower arthritic and inflammatory conditions. A full/broad CBD tincture or capsules can also help support the healing process.
Hip Pain and Inflammation
Hip pain can be caused by an injury, arthritis, inflammation or bursitis. Evidence shows that a high quality CBD lotion can help with a variety of discomforts. Application directly over the site of pain ensures full absorption and optimal results. A full or broad spectrum tincture and/or capsules can also be considered for more of a long term solution to fight hip pain and inflammation.
Immune Function
CBD is not immuno-suppressive, meaning it can help treat symptoms of autoimmune disease. It does this by promoting different types of cells that regulate and control your immune system. CBD can help to boost immunity through its anti-anxiety and anti-inflammatory properties.
Try one of our full or broad spectrum tinctures, capsules or gummies for added support.
Headaches can be very debilitating to many people. Statistics show 35-40 million people suffer from migraines.  An even larger number of people experience tension and cluster headaches as well.  OTC drugs can be dangerous when taken in high doses, mixed with other drugs, taken daily or for an extended period of time. Studies show that CBD can be just as effective as OTC or prescription drugs but without the side effects. Try a CBD tincture/capsules and treat your headaches more naturally.


Low levels of serotonin are associated with depression. Professionals believe the benefits of CBD on depression relate to how it positively affects your brain’s ability to recognize serotonin. Using CBD doesn’t increase serotonin levels but does impact your brain’s response to the serotonin already produced by your system. Try one of our high quality full or broad spectrum GMP certified oils, capsules or gummies for support.


Research shows taking 160mg of CBD helped produce longer and better quality sleep time. Although the research between CBD and sleep is still being studied. It does appear that proper dosage and consistency play an important role in promoting better sleep. Try one of our ingestible GMP certified products such as an oil, capsules, or gummies for a better nights rest.

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Neck and Trapezius

Neck and trapezius pain or stiffness can be caused by repetitive motions, overactivity, poor posture, or stress. These symptoms can then lead to headaches as well as taut and tender muscles not only in the neck and trapezius but the entire shoulder girdle. Check out our GMP certified lotion for deep localized soothing relief. Our full or broad spectrum ingestible products such sublingual tinctures, capsules or gummies for long term support is advisable.

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Mid Back

Mid back pain can be caused by poor posture, muscle strains/sprains, prolonged sitting, etc. It can be burdensome and create difficulty to complete task efficiently without pain. Try applying ice over the area of pain and rest the muscles as needed. Once the skin returns to room temperature apply our high quality CBD lotion for localized pain relief. Also, consider full or broad spectrum ingestibles for longer term support if chronic discomforts continue.

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Low Back

Low back pain can be very debilitating and prevent many people from engaging in activities that they love.  Moreover, since the low back is so integral to the biomechanics of the spine it can create discomforts to structures above and below in which a pattern of acute or chronic pain could ensue. Try our CBD lotion for localized pain relief. Apply it directly over the area of complaint. Also, for a  more systemic or long term approach our full or broad spectrum ingestible products such as a tinctures, capsules or gummies may work well.  

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The presentation of sciatica can range from sudden intermittent pain to a constant dull ache. It can also travel from the mid back to the low back, gluteus and leg regions. Some describe it as a bee sting that wont go away. CBD lotion may help the localized pain when applying it directly over the region(s). Additionally, our GMP certified high grade tinctures or other ingestible could further give support as a long term remedy.

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Elbow pain can show up due to a few mechanisms of injury. Tennis elbow can occur on the outside of the elbow. Where as, Golfer’s elbow occurs on the inside of the elbow. Other injuries to the elbow can also be caused by hyperextension or overuse. All of these are very painful and can be difficult to resolve, mainly because you never stop using your arms and therefore your elbows. Consider using CBD lotion for daily local pain relief as well as one of our ingestible products in order to maintain joint health and decrease inflammation.

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Hands and Fingers

The cause of hand pain can be caused by many possible ailments. Some could be from repetitive activities, labor intensive jobs, auto immune diseases, or carpal tunnel. Some people even complain of pain in their hands that wake them up at night. Try our top tier GMP certified CBD lotion for local pain relief and/or one of our ingestible products for long term support and decreased inflammation.

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Some reasons you experience leg pain could be from muscular fatigue from overuse, tendon/ligament sprains, or injury to a bone or joint. Conditions already mentioned could cause problems in your lower back as well from a compensatory gait. Restless leg syndrome is another leg concern that afflicts many people. Try a more natural approach toward the relief of your symptoms by using some of our GMP certified CBD lotion directly over the area of pain. Consider one of our ingestible products for  longer term natural support.

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Heel and Calf

Heel pain can really stop you in your tracks. The two most common conditions are plantar fasciitis, which is inflammation of tissue that attach the bones of the toes to the heel. Symptoms can include a sharp pain at the bottom of the foot. Achilles tendonitis is an injury of the tendon which is a continuation of the calf muscle that inserts to the back of the heel. Symptoms can include a localized pain directly over the back of the heel. Try our GMP certified CBD lotion for pain relief or one of our ingestible products as a natural long term anti-inflammatory remedy.

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